The Effect of Using Anti-inflammatory Diet Program Regimen and Exercise on Osteoarthritis among Obese WomenName : Dr. Amal A. Hussein
Affliation : Emeritus Professor Of Community Health Nursing
University : Menofia University
Country : Egypt
The aim of this study is to assess the effect of using anti-inflammatory diet program and exercise on osteoarthritis among obese women through assessing the dietary habits, acuity of the symptoms of osteoarthritis and joint mobility among the participant women.
Settings: The Study Was Initially Conducted at The Physical Therapy and Orthopedic Clinics of Tala Central Hospital, Menofia Governorate, Egypt, and the cases were followed through home visits. A purposive sample of sixty obese or overweight women diagnosed with osteoarthritis. They were divided into two groups; group one for diet only, group two for diet and exercise.
Tools of data collection consisted of two parts; the first was an interviewing questionnaire for assessing acuity of symptoms, activity of daily living, quality of life, and dietary knowledge and practices of the studied women. The second tool was used for bio-physiologic measurements.
Results: The program induced significant improvement of knowledge and practices of the studied women. Also, indicated significant improvement for diet and exercise group than diet only group regarding degree of pain of both knee and hip.
Conclusion: The Study indicated significant improvement in acuity of most symptoms, activities of daily living and some aspects affecting quality of life for the diet and exercise group concerning knee, hip and the palm. For neck joint; both groups insignificantly improved regarding pain intensity. Also, diet and exercise group reported significant improvement than the diet only group concerning personal care and lifting.
Recommendations: Combining Exercises with anti-inflammatory diet were more effective palliative care for osteoarthritis. Improve women's knowledge that maximizing consumption of anti-inflammatory diet starting from infancy and support regular activity practice.
Dr. Amal A Hussein is currently working as Emeritus Professor of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing in Menofia University. She has completed her MS in Public Health, High Institute of Public Health, University of Alexandria, Egypt and Doctorate of Nursing Science, Community Health Nursing, Course requirement were obtained at University of Illinois at Chicago, USA, Degree was awarded from Menofia University, Egypt, 1991. She achieved a Certificate of Women's Health Researcher, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1991. She is a certified quality auditor in the Sultanate of Oman. She is an In -charge of quality assurance for the Health Work force Development Project (HWD), sponsored by USAID and Principle Investigator of a project funded by the Higher Education Enhancement Project (HEEPF Code: D-014-NO; 2005-2007). She was a Dean, Regional Nursing Institute, Sur, Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman (1997- 2004).